Sunday, 11 December 2011

Personal Pronouns

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.
We have both subject and object pronouns:

Subject                                                         Object

I                                                                                                   me
you                                                                                              you
he                                                                                               him
she                                                                                             her
it                                                                                                  it
we                                                                                               us
you                                                                                              you
they                                                                                             them

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.
This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:
I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:
His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.
If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:
• as the object of the verb:
Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.
• after prepositions:
She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

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